Which plants are related to Amaryllis Flowers
The amaryllis family is mostly native to tropical and warm temperate regions of South America and Africa. Flowers grow at the top of a long leafless stem, usually in groups but sometimes singly. Many kinds of amaryllis relatives (also called Amaryllidaceae) have white or light-colored flowers, but some of the showiest bulb flowers belong in this family, including the plants commonly called amaryllis which really belong to the genus Hippeastrum.
Native to Europe and the Mediterranean area of North Africa, southern Europe and Asia, Narcissus is a large genus that includes daffodils, jonquils and narcissus. There are many categories of narcissus types, and they have been hybridized for centuries. Flower colors are yellow, orange, red-orange, pink, cream and white. Some brightly colored daffodils are golden yellow “Golden Ducat,” pink-cupped “Pink Pride,” yellow-and-orange “Fortissimo” and “Scarlet Gem” with yellow petals and a red-orange cup.
Responding to summer and fall rains, rain lilies (Zephyranthes spp.) can bloom several times a season depending on rainfall. Star-shaped small flowers come in pink, yellow and white. Grass-like clumps of leaves are suitable for edgings, borders and rock gardens, rising about 4 to 8 inches from the soil. Rain lily grows in USDA zones 7b through 11. A fragrant yellow-flowered amaryllis native, perfumed fairy lily (Chlidanthus fragrans) grows 10 to 12 inches tall and blooms in summer. They make long-lasting cut flowers with a citrusy scent. Native to South America, perfumed fairy lily is hardy.
Several kinds of amaryllis relatives have spherical heads of many flowers giving a large pom-pom or paint-brush effect. African plants called powderpuff or paintbrush. have large bulbs that produce thick green leaves in winter. Flowers appear in fall. Although most have white flowers, Haemanthus sanguineus and Haemanthus coccineus have showy red inflorescences, and are hardy. The closely related torch lily (Scadoxus multiflorus) has large spherical red flower heads.
Spider lilies (Lycoris spp.) are native to eastern Asia and are either spring- or fall-blooming. The yellow-flowered golden surprise lily (Lycoris chinensis). Red spider lily (Lycoris radiata) has brilliant red flowers with long stamens in fall.
The blood-red Aztec lily (Sprekelia formosissima) from Mexico has differently shaped petals and a bilaterally symmetrical flower. The true genus amaryllis is represented by naked ladies (Amaryllis belladonna), so-called because the pink flowers bloom in summer when no other plant parts are present. This plant is hardy and has been bred with other amaryllis relatives to produce hybrids. Kaffir lily (Clivia miniata) grows 12 to 24 inches tall with orange flowers in winter to spring.